The Basics of Land Subdivision: What You Need to Know
Land subdivision is a process in which a parcel of land is divided into two or more smaller lots. This process is commonly used to create multiple residential lots or to divide a large parcel of land into smaller, more manageable parcels. The process of land subdivision can be complex and requires a thorough understanding of local zoning laws, engineering regulations, and other factors. In this article, we’ll discuss the basics of land subdivision and what you need to know before undertaking this process.
The Zoning Process
The first step in the process of land subdivision is to obtain approval from the local government. This is usually done by submitting a development application to the local zoning commission. The zoning commission will review the application and make a determination as to whether the proposed subdivision is in compliance with local zoning laws. If everything is in order, the commission will issue a zoning permit which will allow the development to proceed.
Once the zoning permit has been obtained, the next step is to comply with engineering regulations. This includes obtaining permits from the local government for any construction that may be necessary, such as roadways, drainage, and utilities. It is also important to make sure that the proposed subdivision will not adversely affect existing infrastructure such as nearby roads, utilities, or other structures.
Once the zoning and engineering regulations have been satisfied, the next step is to design the lots. This includes determining the size, shape, and location of each lot. It is important to make sure that the lots are in compliance with local regulations, such as setbacks from the street, property lines, and other structures. It is also important to make sure that the lots are properly sized to accommodate the type of development that is proposed.
Once the lots have been designed, the next step is to prepare the necessary legal documentation for the subdivision. This includes preparing deeds, easements, and other legal documents. It is important to have these documents properly prepared to ensure that the legal rights of each party are protected.
Marketing and Sales
Once the subdivision is complete, the next step is to market the lots and begin the process of selling them. Depending on the nature of the development, this may involve hiring a real estate agent or marketing the lots directly to potential buyers. It is important to make sure that potential buyers are informed of any restrictions or covenants that may apply to the subdivision.
Land subdivision is a complex process that requires an understanding of local zoning laws, engineering regulations, lot design, legal documentation, and marketing and sales. It is important to make sure that all of these factors are taken into consideration before undertaking the process of land subdivision. By following these steps, you can ensure that the process is completed in a timely and efficient manner and that the end result is a successful development.